Where did Sir Walter originate?

Sir Walter was developed in the Hunter Valley in N.S.W. by Buchanan Turf Supplies.

What size are the rolls of turf?

1 ROLL = 1m²

Roll size is 450mm wide x 2.22m long (18" wide x 7’5" long) and approx.25mm (1inch) thick.

Each roll weighs about 10kg when dry.

How long will the grass keep before it needs to be laid?

  In the cooler months the grass will keep for 4-5 days and in the hotter months only 1-2 days. Place it in the shade in summer.

How do I calculate how many m² of turf I need?

Multiply two sides together i.e.: 18m x 7m = 126m². For irregular sites divide up into smaller squares/or triangles, calculate each individual area then add them together. NB: The area of a triangle is the base x height divided by 2, and the area of a circle is 3.14 x radius x radius. Use the CALCULATOR on our Preparation Page.

What type of soil should I use?

We recommend a 60:40, Sand: Soil mix which can be purchased from your local Soil or Nursery Supplier but any type of soil from a sandy loam to a heavier dark Soil can be used provided there is good drainage. Good soil may already exist on site, which may only require weed removal and sometimes the addition of some sandy topsoil to assist in leveling.

Can I lay turf on sand?

Yes we have all seen buffalo growing wild at the beach. It is better to put an organic fertiliser such as fowl manure, mushroom compost or Dynamic Lifter down first before laying the turf. This is best incorporated into the soil to a depth of 2-4” (50-100mm) and will help to hold the moisture for the turf.

How do I prepare the ground when laying on clay?

Apply Gypsum, which is a clay breaker down first and incorporate it well with a Rotary Hoe.

How much soil should I use?

2" (50mm) is okay, but 4" (100mm) of soil is better. The root system of Sir Walter will penetrate the soil to a depth of about 2 ft (600mm) in good soil with deep irrigation. The deeper the soil, the deeper the roots will penetrate and the more drought tolerant the turf will become.
Good turf must have a good root system.

How many m² will fit into a box trailer?

About 30m² of Sir Walter Buffalo will fit into a small trailer. (6 x 4ft.)
About 40m² of Sir Walter Buffalo will fit into a large trailer. (8 x 4ft.)

How many rolls of turf make up a pallet?

Usually 55-60 rolls of Sir Walter will fit on a standard pallet.
For long travel distances we secure the pallet with plastic wrap which allows the turf to breath.

How many pallets will fit on a truck?

A table top truck 2.40m wide and 7.0m long will hold 10 pallets.
A semi trailer will carry 20 pallets.
A ‘B’ Double will carry 30 pallets.

What is Shademaster Buffalo?

Shademaster originated in the Hunter Valley of N.S.W. in the mid 1980s, it was the first soft leaf buffalo available. It was then grown in the Sydney area from the early 1990s. However, because of its purple discoloration in winter, other soft leaf Buffalos were developed including Sir Walter which stay greener than Shademaster in Winter.

Which soft leaf buffalos originate overseas?

ST-85, ST-91, Austine (ST-26) and Palmetto originate from America.

Sir Walter was born and bred in Australia and is best suited to our Australian conditions.

What are the advantages of Sir Walter compared with other soft leaf buffalos?

Superior colour in winter compared with most soft leaf buffalos.

  • Drought tolerance in summer.
  • Herbicide and fungus resistance.
  • Low Thatch development.
  • Quick recovery after wear.
  • Shade Tolerance.

Will Sir Walter grow in the shade?

No turf will grow in complete shade. However, Sir Walter will grow in shady areas better than any other buffalo grass that we have trialed including Shademaster soft leaf buffalo. Generally 3 hours of direct sunlight or 4 hours of filtered light are required per day. Shade from Trees: The turf will require additional fertilizer and water to compete with the tree. Shade from Buildings: Sometimes these areas are damp and require extra drainage with sub surface 'ag' pipes.

How can I be sure I'm getting Sir Walter?

With a lot of substituting of inferior turf for Sir Walter in the industry, only deal with a licenced grower or nursery. Atlas Turf (License No. 201) will supply you with an invoice stating that your purchase is Sir Walter and supply a Certificate of Authenticity.

Do not purchase Sir Walter from a supplier who won't supply the correct invoice and certificate.

When should I fertilise my lawn?

Fertilize prior to laying and again two weeks after installing, then every eight weeks for the first twelve months. Once established, apply fertiliser early spring, early summer and mid autumn. The autumn fertilising is essential for the lawn to stay greener through winter.

What type of fertiliser should I use?

Correct fertiliser recommendations vary depending on climate, region and soil type. Generally a slow released balanced NPK lawn food is best, such as Premium Buffalo Blend that is available from most Sir Walter suppliers. The cost of 10kg of Premium Buffalo Blend is $35.00. This quantity will treat up to 400 m² of lawn area, or contact your local nursery for their recommended equivalent. Dynamic Lifter, Shirleys No. 17 etc. are suitable.

How and when to water my Lawn?

Newly transplanted turf requires extra care (especially water) for the first few weeks. Turf must be kept moist, (but not drowned all day) until the roots have taken. During hot daylight hours the leaf should not be allowed to dry out and edge areas near concrete or brick borders will suffer the most. Curling and a grey colour of the leaf will tell you when the turf has dried out. New turf should be saturated immediately after laying.

Test for soil moisture with a 4” (100mm) probe e.g. screwdriver. The ground should be moist to this level. If hot and/or windy, extra watering will be required and each site will have different water requirements depending on soil type, drainage etc.

 good way to estimate how much irrigation has been applied is to place an empty container under the spray area of the sprinkler. When 20mm of water has been collected in the container, move the sprinkler to the next position. After 30 minutes, check to see how deep the water has infiltrated into the soil and reapply irrigation until the 100mm depth has been achieved.

Once the turf has taken root (7-10 days in summer, 10-14 days in winter), watering can be decreased to a level that will depend on the climatic conditions. As a guide, when conditions are dry, the lawn should require 2-3 deep waterings in summer per week, or 1 per week in winter, until the full establishment of a deep root system (approx. 12 months).

Once fully established, one deep watering per week is usually sufficient except in extreme conditions.

It is also possible to over water the turf during establishment especially in the cooler months. If you notice that the turf has turned a yellow colour in winter during establishment, this may well indicate that too much water (drowning) of the turf is taking place.

Do not make the turf so wet during winter establishment that it is squishy underfoot every day.

When can I mow my newly laid lawn?

The first mowing should not be done until the roots have taken and the turf is not easily lifted. The first mowing should only be a light trim, and never take more than a third of the leaf off in any single mowing.

What height should I mow my Sir Walter lawn?

Sir Walter can be mown at various heights ranging from 15mm to 50mm, however correct height can depend on personal preference and climatic conditions. Mow higher in shady areas. It is recommended to raise your mowing height prior to winter. Generally, a longer leaf will encourage a deeper root system, which is preferred to encourage drought tolerance.

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We service; Sydney, South Coast, Central Coast & The Hunter Valley

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